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"One does not simply walk into Mordor. Its black gates are guarded by more than just orcs. There is evil there that does not sleep, and the Great Eye is ever watchful.
It is a barren wasteland, riddled with fire, ash, and dust. The very air you breathe is a poisonous fume. Not with ten thousand men could you do this. It is folly."
— Boromir, The Lord of the Rings


The area of Middle-Earth called Mordor is a relic of the devastating works of Morgoth before his banishment to the Void. Located in the southeast of Middle-earth to the East of the Anduin, the great river, it is the land covering the plateau formed by massive volcanic eruptions. In Sindarin it was given the name Mordor (the Black Land) before Sauron settled there, because of its volcano and its eruptions. Shelob had settled in Mordor long before Sauron.
After the destruction of the strongholds of evil in the north of Middle-earth at the end of the First Age, Sauron fled southwards seeking new lands. At the end of the first millennium of the Second Age, he chose a land walled by mountains. To further fortify that land, to prevent invasion through the Pass of Cirith Gorgor he built the Morannon. It was built with the power of the One Ring, like his great fortress of Barad-dûr.
At the end of the Second Age, after the defeat of Sauron by The Last Alliance of Elves and Men, Mordor was taken under the control of Gondor, and the Gondorians built fortifications around the Morannon, the Towers of the Teeth, to prevent the return of evil things. As Gondor's power faded, however, Mordor once again fell into the hands of the Enemy, and after two thousand years of relative peace, the Nazgûl returned and claimed the land once again in the name of Sauron. Sauron himself, however, dwelt at Dol Guldur in Mirkwood as the Necromancer, and did not himself return openly to Barad-dûr until some seventy years before the War of the Ring. The Nazgûl claimed Minas Ithil as their own, renaming it Minas Morgul.
Mordor's geography is unique because of the three enormous mountain ridges surrounding it, on the North, the West and the South. These mountains both protected the land from an unexpected invasion by any of the people living in those directions and kept those living in Mordor from escaping.
In the Third Age, Mordor is again the dwelling place of Sauron.
Frodo and Sam traveled through Mordor enroute to find the Crack of Doom in order to destroy the One Ring in the fires where it was forged.


Ephel Dúath - the Mountains of Shadow - bordering North Ithilien and South Ithilien of Gondor on the west before swinging east to form the southern border of Mordor, separating Mordor from the Harad lands to the south. They were breached midway by the Morgulduin, a river of Gondor, forming the pass of Cirth Ungol.
Ered Lithui - The Ash Mountains - Separating Mordor from Rhûn, this mountain range forms the northern border of Mordor, meeting with the Ephel Dúath to form the pass of Cirith Gorgor leading into the enclosed plain of Udûn. A spur of the Ered Lithui leads to the Plateau of Gorgoroth where Mount Doom and Barad-dûr are located.
Cirith Gorgor - the gap between the Ered Lithui and the Ephel Dúath mountain ranges. Although called the Haunted Pass by men, the Elvish name literally means "pass of great dread." It was a narrow pass with sheeer cliffs on either side where the two mountain ranges met.
Udûn - a depressed valley located in northwestern Mordor. It lies between Cirith Gorgor and Carach Angren (also called "the Isenmouthe in Westron), and was traversed by the large armies of Sauron in times of war.
Carach Angren - (Sindarin) or Isenmouth (Westron) - the pass between the small valley Udûn and the larger Plateau of Gorgoroth. It was formed where spurs of the ranges of the Ephel Dúath and the Ered Lithui met, leaving only a narrow passage between them.[1]
Representing the passage to the Black Gate of the Morannon, Carach Angren was heavily fortified, and both the rocky spurs that overlooked it carried fortresses and watchtowers. Across the passage itself, a wall of earth had been built, and a great ditch had been dug across the opening spanned by a single bridge.[2]
Both Carach Angren and Isenmouthe mean "Iron-mouth.
Morannon - the Black Gate - Sauron constructed the Black Gate of Mordor, across the pass of Cirith Gorgor, with the power of the One Ring.
Towers of the Teeth two guard towers were built by Gondor to keep a watch on this entrance to Mordor and the Morannon at the end of the Second Age after Sauron's defeat by The Last Alliance of Elves and Men.
Barad-dûr - ("Lugbúrz in Black Speech) - visible from all of Mordor - Saruron's is great fortress built with the power of the One Ring.
  • The Plateau of Gorgoroth - Normally thought of as the gateway to Mount Doom. As there is no water or plant growth of any type, the area is uninhabited and a bit dusty.
  • The Sea of Núrnen - The largest body of water in the region is located in the relatively fertile southern Nurn area. Desertification is a large problem here though, as is the water boiling off when near-molten boulders land in the lake.


Ephel Dúath (the Mountains of Shadow) and Ered Lithui (the Ash Mountains) border Mordor on three sides
The Mountains of Mordor, seen from Ithilien


March of the King

The March of the King - after the battle of Pelennor Fields

See March of the King for more details
The March of the King is a region in Middle-earth.
This region overlaps certain areas of Old Anórien but is separated from them in time, occuring AFTER the Battle of Pelennor Fields.
Overlap areas:
It also includes the area of North Ithilien

The Wastes

the Wastes

See The Wastes for more details
The Wastes is an Area of Middle Earth immediately outside Morannon, the Black Gate of Mordor
  • Note that SSG has reversed the historical usage of the geographic terms Area and Region with this Update.
It lies above North Ithilien and north-west of Mordor.

The Plateau of Gorgoroth

Plateau of Gorgoroth

See Gorgoroth for more details
The Plateau of Gorgoroth is a Region in Mordor.


Lands of Middle-earth
Regions of Mordor - not the expansion
March of the KingNorth IthilienThe Wastes
Regions of Mordor - The Expansion
Settlements and Landmarks of North Ithilien
Settlements: Henneth AnnûnCamp of the Host
Landmarks: Aelin VerenBâr ArothBâr TarnaherCaladuilCair AndrosThe CrossroadsField of CormallenImlad MorgulTorngrothUya HujûmThargelon
Settlements, Areas and Landmarks of March of the King
Settlements: Aragorn's PavilionCamp of the HostHenneth AnnûnMinas Tirith (After Battle)
Areas: Minas Tirith (After Battle)Pelennor (After Battle)Osgiliath (After Battle)North Ithilien
Landmarks: Aragorn's PavilionAelin VerenBâr ArothBâr TarnaherCaladuilCair AndrosThe CrossroadsField of CormallenImlad MorgulTorngrothUya HujûmThargelon
Settlements, Areas and Landmarks of The Wastes
Settlements: Haerondir
Areas: Noman-landsDagorladSlag-hills
Landmarks: Tham DurlanNuiharnGuard Tower RuinsStore House Ruins Merchant shop RuinsFarm House RuinsInn RuinsNobel's House RuinsStable Ruins
CarchostDol AcharnDûm BohaFushaum GundLang RhuvenNarchostOndoher's FollySkoironk
Settlements, Areas and Landmarks of Gorgoroth
Settlements: Udûn FootholdAgarnaith Ranger Campmagh Ashtu
Areas: UdûnDor AmarthLhingrisTalath ÚruiAgarnaith
Landmarks: Udûn: MorannonCarach AngrenDurthang
Agarnith: Lair of the Gloom-lordMokál RukhBhol RûdhViznak's HideoutFaltor GâmKala-gijakSeregost
Dor Armarth: Ered LithuiBarad-dûrThe Abyss of MordathFushaum TumBlozronkSárronkNauronk
Lhingris: Torech UngolKála-murgLugvargNelegrothIath AngosCirith UngolFennas Gost
Talath Úrui: Ledge of TerrorCourt of HorrorStrand of FireAsh WatchLedge of DreadLedge of FearAshronkKrulronkGakhronkZagronk


  1. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "Map of Rohan, Gondor, and Mordor"
  2. J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, "Mount Doom"

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